Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), also referred to as Attention deficit disorder (ADD), is linked with hyperactivity, behavioural issues, and attention problems in children and adults. Those who have ADHD may have difficulty focusing, forgetfulness, managing their time, or even sitting still for a period of time. Many people have these symptoms at any given time, but for those who have ADHD these symptoms are constant and persistent. Those who have ADHD may find daily life to be overwhelming because the disorder can create dysfunction and therefore create problems in one’s work, family and relationships. There are three primary behaviours associated with ADHD including hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Directed attention is difficult for those who have ADHD because they are aware of what needs to be done, but cannot get focused enough to do it. Those who suffer from ADHD may feel guilty and have lower self-worth, knowing that there will be negative repercussions for being unable to complete things for work, school and more.
ADHD is more commonly diagnosed in children, with approximately two million American children being affected today. It is also more common in boys than girls, with almost twice as many boys being diagnosed than girls. ADHD also has a genetic component whereas up to 40% of those diagnosed with ADHD also has a parent with the disorder.
The exact cause of ADHD is unknown, but research shows that there is most likely a genetic component to inheriting the disorder. Some of the potential causes for having ADHD include; exposure to toxins in the environment, premature and underweight at birth, and brain injury. Popular misconceptions about factors that contribute to ADHD include watching too much television, consuming too much sugar and chemical additives in food.
If you are affected by ADHD it is important to know that with treatment the disorder can be managed through therapy, medications or a combination of both. There are other forms of treatment that have also been proven effective including personal coaching, which can help the individual affected by the disorder to regain some focus.
The most common prescribed ADHD medications include stimulants, antidepressants, and even medications used to manage high blood pressure. Stimulants are often the medication prescribed to treat those with ADHD because they are usually very effective. Antidepressants are also used to treat the disorder because of their effect on one’s dopamine level. High blood pressure medications may be used in combination with other drugs because they can help to alleviate symptoms such as impulsivity, tics and irritability.
In order to ensure success when it comes to treating Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder one must make sure that they have the proper support system in place. This includes a physician who will help to develop a medical plan that is manageable for the patient. The patient must also ensure that they take their medications properly and are active in their therapy sessions in order to help make their ADHD symptoms more manageable.
Learn more about Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.